REVIEW ON BAUHINIA ACUMINATA

Mr. Mohsin Jahangeer Jamadar, Miss. Dr. Preeti Khulbe, Dr. Sanaulla. A. Tamboli, Dr. Shrinivas. K. Mohite, Dr. Md. Javeed. Md. Yakub Manure, Mr. Ashpak M Tamboli

Abstract


Bauhinia species including (Bauhinia acuminata, Bauhinia varigata, Bauhinia purpurea, Bauhinia monandra, Bauhinia galpini) are popular ornamental plants usually woody ornamentals or herbaceous linas with attractive flowers typical of the leguminosae of arid temp. Sub – tropical and tropical zones. Bauhinia species are also have many multiple medicinal and biological properties. Phytochemical screening of two species viz. Bauhinia acuminata and cassia occidentailis belonging to family caesalpiniaceae was performed using generally accepted laboratory technique. Three solvent viz. chloroform, Benzene, and petrolium ether were used for extraction. The constituents were alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, saponin, steroids, and tannin. The distribution of these constituents in the leaves of selected species were assessed and compared. Preliminary phytochemical screening of Bauhinia acuminata did not reveal alkaloids. Glycoside, steroid, and flavonoids were present in both of species. Tannin was present in Cassia occidentalis while absent in Bauhinia acuminata. Saponin was absent in Cassia occidentailis while present in Bauhinia acuminata. The extraction of leave of Bauhinia acuminata and its kupchan fraction were screened for antioxidant, cytotoxic, membrane stabilizing, hemolytic and antimicrobial activity.


Keywords


Bauhinia acuminata, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemicals, and Pharmacology.

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