A PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF DISEASE PATTERN AND PREVALENCE IN PATIENTS UNDERGOING UPPER GI ENDOSCOPY

Dr. Ashutosh Abhishek, Dr. Abhijeet Kumar

Abstract


INTRODUCTION:  Upper GI endoscopy is the visual examination of the lining of oesophagus, stomach, first and second part of duodenum. This is performed by passing a long flexible endoscope through mouth under local anaesthesia. The UGI tract is examined through the camera situated at the tip of the endoscope and detects any abnormalities. If necessary, biopsies can be taken during examination. And hence we can find the prevalence of various diseases which lead to UGI examination.

AIM: To find out prevalence of Different disease patterns in patients undergoing UGI endoscopy and to study patterns of indications and endoscopic findings.

METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 300 patients presented with upper GI symptoms were examined and followed by UGI endoscopy.

RESULT: It was found that most common upper GI symptom needing endoscopy was Epigastric pain(36.7%, p=0048) and most common endoscopic finding finding was Gastritis(53.3%, p=0.00001).

CONCLUSION: So we conclude that Epigastric pain is the most common indication and Gastritis is the most common finding of UGI endoscopy.

Keywords


UGI, Endoscopy, Gastritis, GERD

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