STUDY OF SURGICAL SITE INFECTION FOLLOWING LAPAROTOMIES IN MMC

S. P. Gayathre, R. Niranjan Kumar, R. Kannan, R. Jayachander

Abstract


Surgical site infection (SSI) is the second most common complication following any surgical intervention.it occurs mainly due to bacterial entry with high virulence, change in wound microenvironment and altered host defense mechanisms. SS is the second common hospital acquired infection. It plays an important role in increasing the mortality and mortality of the patients and turns out to be a headache  for the operating surgeon.

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES :

 

  1. Determining the incidence of surgical site infection in surgical wards on Abdominal surgeries in MMC.
  2.  Identifying the common pathogen causing surgical site infection and sensitivity to antibiotics in MMC.

METHODOLOGY :

  • age group between 15-55 years were included
  • Both male and female were included
  • 100 patients who underwent laparatomy  from march 2019 to april 2019 were included in the study.
  • Both elective and emergency cases were included.

RESULTS :

Out of 100 cases, 26 cases developed surgical site infection, out of which 20 were emergency laparotomies. The most common organism causing surgical site infection was found to be klebsiella .

CONCLUSION :

Surgical Site Infection were more common in emergency cases than elective cases  and klebsiella is the most common organism.


Keywords


LAPAROTOMIES, Surgical site infection (SSI), microenvironment

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