A REVIEW ON TOXICITY OF DENTAL MATERIALS WITH AN EMPHASIS

Dr Monika Malik Vigarniya

Abstract


In dentistry, different types of materials are used to restore the decayed or to replace the missing teeth. These materials come into direct contact to the hard and soft tissue of oral cavity including dentin, periodontium, oral mucosa and body fluids. Though all these materials with long history of usage are tested for their biocompatibility in the oral cavity. Any adverse reactions due to the leaching of components from these dental materials into the oral environment is a clinical concern. The materials ranging from temporary to permanent or polymers to metals have different applications in dentistry. Besides their important role in restoring, healing or improving the function of oral tissues, the materials may show side effects which may lead to severe lesions or more serious illness. This review provides a comprehensive overview of side effects and toxicity by various materials in Dentistry. The side effects of the materials are discussed here based on clinical and cellular views.

Keywords


Dental Allergy, Toxicity, Mercury toxicity, Cytotoxicity, Biocompatibility

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