PREVALENCE OF ATITŪLAM (OBESITY) AND ASSOCIATED DISEASES AMONG PATIENTS AT GOVERNMENT SIDDHA MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL, PALAYAMKOTTAI FROM APRIL 2019 TO SEPTEMBER 2019

Dr. Rosalyn Shobana M., Dr. Rajarajeswari. A., Prof. Dr. Manoharan. A.

Abstract


ATITŪLAM (Obesity) is a condition involved an excessive amount of fat deposition in subcutaneous tissues and vital organs. In Siddha literatures, etiology of ATITŪLAM was explained in detailed. It is increased risk of various metabolic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and Fatty liver disease (FLD). Obesity and overweight are increasing consequences for the health system. Being extreme obese means you are especially likely to have health problems related to your weight. Which includes altered diet pattern, precipitating factors and other causes were analyzed. Chronic alcoholism, excessive angry, diabetes mellitus, heart diseases, post-delivery complications and also other factors were precipitating etiological factors for Atitūlam. The objective of this study is to find out the prevalence of atitūlam and determine the various associated diseases with atitūlam. Cross sectional Descriptive study was conducted among 153 typical atitūlam patients reporting to Out Patient Department and In Patient Department at Government Siddha Medical College and hospital, Palayamkottai, Tirunelveli from April 2019 to September 2019. In this study, atitūlam was found more common in males. BMI was found majority with Obese Class I, and 100% of sample are with Waist Hip ratio with above 0.9. Associated diseases of Atitūlam were Hypertension was 49.6%, diabetes 44.4%, hyperlipidemia 56.8% and heart disease was 13.1%. 19.6% respectively. 80.70% of patients had a habit of having fast food and 94.70% patients were with food pattern of mixed diet

Keywords


: Atitūlam, Obesity and overweight

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