EFFECT OF SMOKING ON SALIVARY FLOWRATE AND PH STATUS

Dr. Anuja Pawar, Dr. Lata Kale, Dr. Firdous Shaikh, Shivani Dhake

Abstract


Aim: The aim of the study is to analyze and compare the long term effect of smoking on salivary Flowrate and pH among  Smokers and Controls. Materials and Methods: The study group consisted of 50 patients, subjects  were divided into 25 smokers and 25 nonsmokers. They were asked to spit in a graduated container at an interval of 60 s for 5 min. Salivary flowrate(SFR) was measured using graduated tubes and pH of salivary flowrate using pH strips. Student t tests  was used on continuous scale between two groups by using the Statistical software IBM SPSS statistics 20.0.Results: The mean (±standard deviation) SFR and pH were 1.22(±0.32) ml/min and 5.32(±0.47) respectively in smokers while the mean SFR and pH were 2.18(±0.31) ml/min and 6.92(±0.27) in nonsmokers. The difference was statistically significant (P = 0.00). Conclusion: Our findings indicated that long-term smoking significantly reduces SFR and salivary pH .


Keywords


Saliva, Salivary Flow Rate, Ph Of Salvia, Smokers

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