ASSESS THE EFFECT OF LOW INTENSITY EXERCISE ON RISK OF FALL AMONG ELDERS AT THIRUVALLUR GOVERNMENT DISTRICT HEADQUARTERS.

Dr.S. Kalabarathi, Mr. M. Vignesh

Abstract


The ageing process is associated with changes in gait and balance and functional status. Analysing these motor functions may contribute towards identifying situations with the potential risk of falling. Such events are serious public health issues, because of their frequency and the physical, psychological and social consequences that they may cause risk of fall problems are common with advancing age. Disorders of balance and gait are particularly important in the elderly because they compromise independence and contribute to the risk of falls and injury. 60 (30 experimental group and 30 control group) patients (post-natal mothers) who met the inclusion criteria were selected by using non probability convenience sampling technique. After selecting the sample, the investigator explained the purpose of the study and informed consent was obtained. Demographic variables were collected, pre-test and post-test was done by using Tinetti Balance Assessment Tool (experimental and control group). For experimental group, low intensity exercise was demonstrated to do the exercise daily. Control group receives the routine hospital care. At the end of the four weeks post-test was done for experimental and control group. The data were tabulated and analysed by descriptive and inferential statistics. The result shows that in experimental group pre-test 24(80%) have high risk of fall, and 6(20%) have moderate risk of fall and in control group 22(73.33%) have high risk of fall and 8(26.67%) have moderate risk of fall. Post-test in experimental group 6(20%) have moderate risk of fall and 24(80%) have low risk of fall, were as in control group 20(66.67%) have high risk of fall, 10(33.33%) have moderate risk of fall. The calculated ‘t’ value is significant at P< 0.005The study indicates that low intensity exercise reduces the risk of fall among elders.


Keywords


Elderly people, low intensity exercise, Risk of fall.

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