ROLE OF HUMAN VIRUSES IN PERIODONTAL DISEASES

Dr. Shradha, Dr. Ejya Sharma, Dr. Stuti Gupta, Dr. Eiti Agrawal

Abstract


A virus is a non living acellular infectious organism which replicates only inside host’s living cell. When a virus infects a host cell, the latter is forced to replicate into thousands of identical copies at an extraordinary rate. All types of life forms, from animals and plants to microorganisms, including bacteria and archaea can be infected by a virus. Until recently, specific bacteria were considered to be the main cause of periodontal diseases; but current studies show the presence of various viruses in periodontal environment and therefore it is imperative to understand the etiopathogenesis and therapeutic measures of such viruses.

Electronic database search of Pubmed, Medline, Google Scholar and Scopus was performed using MeSH terms- Viruses, Periodontal Diseases, Herpes Virus, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Human Papilloma Virus, Zika Virus.


Keywords


Viruses; Periodontal Diseases; Herpes Virus; Human Immunodeficiency Virus; Human Papilloma Virus; Zika Virus

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