STUDY OF PREVALENCE OF SKIN MANIFESTATIONS IN PREGNANT WOMEN IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Dr Saoji Virendra V, Dr Telhure Bhushan J

Abstract


Background: During pregnancy profound changes occur, which make the pregnant woman susceptible to various dermatoses. These dermatoses are associated with concerns ranging from those related to cosmetic appearance to its potential effects on the fetus. The purpose of the study was to know the varied dermatoses encountered in pregnancy.

Materials and methods: A total of 180 pregnant women with skin manifestations were included in the study. A detailed history with complete cutaneous examination of the skin lesions was done. Every patient was examined once in each trimester for three trimesters. Data was summarized using mean, standard deviation, minimum and maximum in quantitative data. Chi square test was applied wherever applicable.

Results: Out of the 180 patients selected, the minimum age was 19 years, maximum age was 32 years and mean was 25.04. Maximum patients were gravida 2 (40%). Majority of patients were found to be present in the 3rd trimester (46.11%). The association of trimester of pregnancy and cutaneous manifestation was found to be significant as p value was less than 0.05. Striae were the most common physiological changes and fungal infections were the most common pathological disease encountered in our study.

Conclusion: The cutaneous manifestations in pregnancy consist of broad spectrum of diseases. It is therefore important on the part of the physician to timely diagnose these various cutaneous lesions. Most of the times the mother is worried about the pregnancy outcome and hence having an overall perspective is necessary for the right diagnosis and counselling of the patient.


Keywords


Pregnancy, cutaneous manifestations, prevalence

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.