AMNIOTIC FLUID INDEX IN HIGH RISK PREGNANCIES AND FOETAL OUTCOME

Dr Malini Raghavan, Dr P V Jose

Abstract


Abstract:Background: Amniotic fluid index is one of the major and deciding components of foetal Biophysical profile
and by itself it can predict pregnancy outcome.
Objective: To study the effect of AFI on perinatal outcome in high risk pregnancies
Methodology:AFI was measured in one hundred consecutive patients diagnosed with pregnancy induced hypertension
and well documented duration of pregnancy.Patients were followed up until delivery and foetal outcome was noted .
Results: The incidence of induction of labour in oligohydramnios was 72.6%. The perinatal morbidity and mortality
were higher in Oligohydramnios group.
Conclusion: The four quadrant technique of Amniotic fluid index is an accurate and reproducible method of estimating
Amniotic fluid volume. The test has good correlation with abnormal FHR pattern, meconium staining of liquor, low Apgar
score, caesarean section for foetal distress and admissions in neonatal intensive care unit.


Keywords


Amniotic fluid index(AFI) ,Oligohydramnios

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