Dr Atul Sharma, Dr Geetanjali Gandhi


Introduction: Facial injuries are present in marked proportion in trauma patients requiring prompt diagnosis and
management. The incidence of facial injuries is rising day by day due to failure in taking precautionary measures in the
traffic leading to accidents.
Objective: To evaluate the etiological factors and patterns of oral and maxillofacial trauma in patients treated in a
tertiary care hospital in Karnal.
Methods: The data was collected from the records of the patients who reported with oral and maxillofacial trauma from
January 2018 to December 2018 at a tertiary care hospital in Karnal. The records of 47 patients between the ages of 5–67
years were taken in a predesigned performa. Parameters recorded include mode of injury, etiology, site, age & gender.
It was revealed that mandibular fractures Results: were most common (65.9%), closely followed by nasal fractures
(46.8%), zygomaticomaxillary complex fractures (40.4% ) & maxillary fractures (34.4%). It was seen that males were
more affected (89.3%) and the highest rate of injuries was in seen the age group of 21-30 years (34.4%). Road traffic
accidents [RTA] (82.97%) were the most common cause of maxillofacial trauma followed by Interpersonal Violence
(8.51%) & fall (4.25%).
Conclusion: From this study, it was concluded that maxillofacial injuries are more common in young males. It was also
seen that RTA was the most common cause of maxillofacial trauma. Most of the patient suffered mandibular fractures. It
can be concluded that adherence to road safety measures and stricter enforcement of traffic legislations can
significantly decrease the incidence of severe facial trauma.


Maxillofacial trauma, road traffic accidents, Nasal Fracture, Mandible fracture

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