A STUDY OF ADVERSE TRANSFUSION REACTIONS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Dr. M. Raveendran, Dr. D. Saranya

Abstract


Blood transfusion is an important intervention in the field of medicine. The risk of adverse reactions pose a major
challenge in the treatment.The aim of our study is to analyse the incidence of transfusion reactions in our institute..
MATERIALS AND METHODS: It is a prospective study conducted in the Pathology department, Government Mohan
Kumaramangalam Medical college and Hospital, Salem, Tamilnadu from May 2016 to June 2019 . All the reactions were
evaluated according to the standard guidelines and recorded regularly.
RESULTS: During the study period 72,518 units were issued among which 52 reactions were reported. Males comprises
18% and females comprises 76% and pediatric age group comprises 6%. The most common reactions were allergic
reactions (79%) followed by FNHTR (17.3%) . Majority of the adverse reactions were seen in whole blood 63.4%
followed by Packed cell and then FFP.
CONCLUSION: Strict hemovigilance to be maintained and transfusions should be given only when necessary.


Keywords


Adverse transfusion reactions, Hemovigilance .

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