CLINICODEMOGRAPHIC AND PSYCHIATRIC MORBIDITY PROFILE OF MALE ALCOHOL/SUBSTANCE DEPENDENTS

Priyanka Sharma, Dr Anshuman Tiwari

Abstract


Objective: To assess the socio demographic profile of males with alcohol/ substance-dependence and to assess the burden of psychiatric comorbidities among them. Method: A total of 50 alcohol-dependent patients attending the de-addiction clinic were enrolled in the study. Their complete socio-demographic assessment was done and presence of psychiatric comorbidity was assessed through Structured Clinical Interview. Data was analyzed using SPSS 21 package. Results: Mean age of patients was 34.18±9.43 (Range 18-55) years. Majority (70%) were married, educated up to High school or above (56%), unemployed or laborers (66%), with monthly income <Rs 5000 (66%), Hindus (94%), living in a joint family (54%) in urban (60%) areas. Exactly half (50%) were alcohol-dependent only while remaining 50% were dependent on substance with/without alcohol. Cannabis and opioids were the most common substances used. Psychiatric comorbidity was seen in 38 (76%) patients. Psychosis (34%) and depression (28%) were the most common psychiatric comorbidities. Psychiatric co-morbidity was significantly associated with monthly income >Rs 5000/- and occupational complications. Conclusion: The present study showed a changing trend of alcohol-/substance-dependence among those with higher educational profile along with high prevalence of psychiatric co-morbidities.


Keywords


Alcohol-dependence,Substance-dependence, Socio-demographic profile, Psychiatric comorbidity

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