SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF AIDS CASES 'ON ART'-A STUDY IN ART CENTRE OF A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF ODISHA

Supakar Sanjeev, Mishra Kaushik, Giri R C

Abstract


AIDS has assumed a dangerous socio-economic problem in India. Since the beginning of this dreaded disease, around
75 million people have already been infected with it & 36 million have died of AIDS related illness. India being a
developing country faces a huge challenge in managing this pandemic. The present study was undertaken at ART centre
of S.C.B. Medical College & Hospital, Cuttack during the period 01-09-2014 to 31-08-2015 to study the sociodemographic
profile of AIDS patients coming for ART therapy during the above period.
Objective:- To study the socio-demographic profile of AIDS cases 'on ART' registered at ART centre.
Material & Methodology:-
Study design:-Observational study.
Study period:-01-09-2014 to 31-08-2015.(Data collection period 01.01.2015 to 30.06.2015)
Place of study:-ART centre, S.C.B. Medical College & Hospital, Cuttack.
All the new 'on ART' cases registered during the above period at ART centre, S.C.B. Medical College & Hospital, Cuttack
were included in this study.
During this period of six months a total of 380 new cases attended the ART centre, of which 256 were put under ART.
Relevant data as per study objective were collected from 256 ART attendees with the help of a pre-designed & pre tested
schedule.
Results:-
Ÿ Maximum cases were in the age group 26-45 years i.e 180(70%).
Ÿ The mean age of attendees was 33.49 years.
Ÿ Out of 256 study subjects 141(55%) were male,111(43.4%)female & rest 4(1.6%) were trans genders.
Ÿ Caste wise distribution of study subjects revealed that 105(41%) belong to general caste followed by
OBC(38.3%),SC(17.2%) & ST(3.5%).
Ÿ Exploring the marital status it was observed that maximum i.e 71.9% widow & 0.4% was in live-in relationship.
Ÿ Maximum belong to nuclear family, i.e, 96%.
Ÿ Majority of study subjects were unemployed, i.e, 120(52.9%).
Ÿ 56.3% of study subjects belonged to upper lower SES, followed by 20.3% to lower SES.
Ÿ 43.8% of study subjects has educational level of secondary school, followed by 38.6% primary school & 6.8% were
illiterate.
Ÿ Maximum of cases came from rural area i.e 83%.
Discussion:- Maximum ART attendees were in the age group of 26-45 years. This being the productive age group, might
have a negative impact on their income & other resource generating activities. The number of male cases were more as
compared to the female cases, the poor health seeking practices of females may be a factor for above representation.
The extent of unemployment among the attendees i.e 52.9% may be a disturbing factor. The occupation of migrant
labourers & driver is one of the most important predisposing factor for HIV transmission.


Keywords


ART, AIDS, SES, Occupation & Education.

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