INTENSIFIED DIARRHEA CONTROL FORTNIGHT (IDCF): OUTCOMES AND LESSON LEARNT FROM THE FIELD.

Anuj Kapoor, Kamna Singh

Abstract


Background : Diarrheal diseases are the leading cause of childhood mortality globally as well as in India. Almost all the deaths due to diarrhea can be averted by preventing and treating dehydration by the use of Oral Rehydration Solution and administration of Zinc tablets along with adequate nutritional intake by the child during diarrhea.

Methodology: All the under 5 children of 11 wards of Krishna Colony were covered during the Intensified Diarrhea Control Fortnight (IDCF) from 28 May to 8 June 2019.  Cases of diarrhea were identified in the field by the health workers along with the distribution of ORS packets and zinc. ORS- Zinc corner was established for the treatment of diarrhea at the health center. Hand-washing demonstration was carried out in primary and middle schools.

Results: A total of 1497 under five children were covered during these 14 days activity. A total of 39 diarrheal cases were identified out of which maximum (11) belonged to the age group 0-1 years. A total of 17 under 5 children were treated for the diarrhoea at the established ORS Zinc corner at the health centre.

Conclusions: ORS along with zinc tablets is a simple, proven treatment that can be used to prevent and manage dehydration and decrease in diarrhea mortality. IDCF have ensured high coverage of ORS and Zinc use rates in throughout the country. Timely and adequate supplies, trained staff and along with the adequate knowledge and practice of the caregivers at home were essential for program success.

 


Keywords


Diarrhea, ORS, Zinc, under 5 children

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