ASSOCIATION OF WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE, WAIST HIP RATIO AND BODY MASS INDEX WITH ESSENTIAL HYPERTENSION

Ravi B. Solanki, Sweety Shah

Abstract


Background

WHO has recommended BMI as simplest form of defining obesity. Recent studies have focused on Waist Hip Ratio and Waist circumference for prediction of Morbidity and Mortality as they account for regional abdominal adipocity. Present study emphasized to know association of Waist circumference, waist hip ratio and Body mass index with Hypertension.

Methods

A cross sectional study was conducted among 202 individuals who screened for Hypertension based on history and examination. Blood pressure, BMI, Waist Hip ratio and Waist circumference were recorded. Data were analyzed using Microsoft Excel 2007 for descriptive statistics.

Results

Total 93 (46 %) subjects were found to be hypertensives. Obesity was significantly high in females (75 %, 58 % and 80 %) as compared to males with respect to BMI, Waist hip ratio and Waist circumference respectively. There was a statistical difference in obesity by BMI, WHR and WC. There was highly significant association of Hypertension with Waist Hip ratio (χ2 = 9.2089, P=0.0024, p<0.01) and there was significant association with Waist circumference (χ2 = 5.3914, P=0.020237) and with BMI (χ2 = 5.5347, P < 0.05).

 

Conclusion

There is significant association of Hypertension with Waist Hip Ratio and Waist circumference. This indicates importance of central adipose tissue in prediction of morbidity.


Keywords


Hypertension, association, Waist hip ratio

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