AWARENESS OF DIABETES IN THE RURAL POPULATION.

Parth K. Marakana, Dr. Manish N. Mehta

Abstract


Background:

India has the largest number of patients with diabetes in the world, accounting for more than 50 million subjects. There are limited studies on diabetes awareness, attitude, and prevalence in rural community.

Materials and Methods:

A community-based survey with recording of blood pressure, fasting & postprandial blood glucose, waist circumference, and height was conducted among the residents of village; Nava Nagna of Jamnagar district of Gujarat state. A door-to-door survey was conducted and members above the age of 25 years from each household were considered eligible to participate.

Results and Conclusion:

The awareness of diabetes in the study population was found to be as low as 21%. Majority of subjects (58%) had a normal BMI and adequate physical activity (88%). The prevalence of smoking (72%) was found to be very high. Blood glucose screening revealed that 13% had impaired fasting glucose and 6% had impaired glucose tolerance.


Keywords


Gujarat, awareness, diabetes, rural

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