NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF SELECTED NEWLY DETECTED TYPE 2 FEMALE DIABETICS

Premagowri Balakrishnan

Abstract


Type 2 diabetes is genetically transferred among family members however the hereditary pre-disposition alone not the only factors but several factors such as diet, obesity, ethnic background, ageing and stress also shown to influence the development of diabetes. The investigation was designed to study the anthropometric indices, physical activity and diet pattern of selected diabetics. Around 214 newly detected female type 2 diabetics, who visited the Diabetes specialties centres in Coimbatore were the subjects. The data collection carried out through structured questionnaire which included the information on age, sex, marital status, family history of diabetes, symptoms onset, known medical illness, physical activity, anthropometric measurements and clinical parameters Dietary pattern and intake of the subjects assessed by food frequency questionnaire and 24hour diet recall method. Among the selected subjects 48% of the females were overweight, whereas only 45% of females stood with normal BMI, grade-I obesity were 4% and grade-II obesity 3%. It was found that higher intake of carbohydrates and fat contribute to increased energy intake. There was protein and fibre inadequacy. From this study it was concluded that elevated anthropometric indices and faulty diet are related with an increased risk of developing diabetes. Nutrition education has a great role in the treatment of T2DM

Keywords


Diabetes, Anthropometric, Dietary pattern, Food frequency

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