PREVALENCE AND SEVERITY OF DENTAL CARIES IN OUTPATIENT DEPARTMENT OF RAJIV GANDHI MEDICAL COLLEGE KALWA, THANE

Dr Prabhawati Jadhav, Dr Pallavi Khale, Dr Harsha P Mahajan, Dr Vrushali Kulkarni

Abstract


Introduction/Background Knowledge: Dental caries is one of the most important dental health problems in developing countries prevalence rate being 50 to 60 %. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and severity of dental caries in subjects (both males and females, divided into 5 groups, age between 5 to 74 years) of the outpatient department of Rajiv Gandhi Medical College Kalwa, Thane.

Methodology: This research was performed as descriptive and cross-sectional study for a period of 3 months from October to December 2018 on 1505 subjects. A revised World Health Organization (WHO) Questionnaire was used. The dental examination was performed according to the methodology of oral status evaluation recommendations by WHO. The prevalence of dental caries, DMFT/deft Index score, and Significant Caries Index were determined. The statistical test Chi-square test was used to find the association between variables.

Results: The overall prevalence of dental caries was 99.26%.  Mean DMFT Index was 4.08 and Caries Significant index was 6.97. No significant association was found between tobacco/ gutka consumption habit and dental caries. A high prevalence of caries was noted due to lack of proper oral hygiene awareness and lack of accessible and affordable oral health services


Keywords


Dental caries, Prevalence, Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth.

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