A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY TO ASSESS KNOWLEDGE OF STAFF NURSES REGARDING PARENTERAL NUTRITION (PN) ADMINISTRATION IN SELECTED AREAS OF CHRISTIAN MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL, LUDHIANA, PUNJAB

Mizrab Chaudhary, Mrs. Triveni Rajappa

Abstract


The advancement in medical sciences has created health care environment that require nursing professionals with specialized clinical knowledge provide care and deal with critically ill patients. The modern era has achieved various bench marks in the field of health care. To meet the expectations and to face the tough situations, the nurses also need to be knowledgeable and competent in all spheres of handling critically ill patients. A descriptive study was conducted to gain insight into nurse’s knowledge related to Parenteral Nutrition administration in a selected hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab. The objectives of the study were to assess the knowledge of staff nurses regarding Parenteral Nutrition administration, to assess its relationship with selected variables, and to find-out deficit areas and to prepare guidelines on Parenteral Nutrition administration. Conceptual framework of the study was based on Fits and Posner’s 3 phase learning theory (1967). A quantitative research approach and non experimental descriptive design was use for the study. Data was collected from 60 staff nurses by using purposive sampling and by using knowledge questionnaire. The collected data was then organized in the form of tables, analyzed and interpreted using descriptive and inferential statistics. Major findings showed the 47.3 % of staff nurses had good knowledge and (100%) had unsatisfactory knowledge regarding Parenteral Nutrition administration. Staff nurses had maximum knowledge (80.83%) in the area of Concepts related to Parenteral Nutrition administration and least knowledge (32.92%) in the area investigations needed for Parenteral Nutrition administration according to knowledge questionnaire. Maximum deficit was in the area of contents of Parenteral Nutrition & investigations needed for Parenteral Nutrition administration. Findings showed that there existed a strong positive correlation (22.33%) between knowledge and years of experience. Years of experience of staff nurses regarding Parenteral Nutrition administration at p<0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study  i.e deficits in the knowledge strongly pointed towards the need of intervention for improving knowledge of staff nurses regarding Parenteral Nutrition administration. Clinical guidelines were prepared based on the outcome of the study with a view to update nurse’s knowledge and ensure safe practices for Parenteral Nutrition administration.


Keywords


Knowledge, Staff nurses, Parenteral Nutrition administration.

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