PRE-CANCEROUS CERVICAL LESIONS USING VISUAL INSPECTION ACETIC ACID (VIA) METHOD AMONG WOMEN

Gayathri M, A. Santham Lillypet

Abstract


Introduction: In modern era where urbanization, industrialization, life style changes and population growth are influencing the disease pattern, there is a paradigm shift from communicable disease to non-communicable diseases. Cervical cancer is the second most common diseases seen in women worldwide. It accounts for 6% of all cancers in women (WHO). Therefore, early detection is necessary to prevent the disease.

Objectives: To identify the prevalence of pre-cancerous cervical lesions using VIA method among women.

Methods: Conducted a cross sectional descriptive study among 210 women attending the outpatient department of urban health centre, Bangalore. Data collected using pretested VIA observation checklist. Painting of the ecto cervix was done by using 3% - 5% acetic acid and was observed for the aceto white lesions. Maintained the privacy and confidentiality throughout the study.

Results: The study revealed that the prevalence of pre-cancerous cervical lesions VIA positive was 1.9% (4 cases out of 210 women screened) with the mean age 36.13 years.

Conclusions: Visual Inspection Acetic acid (VIA) screening is simple, safe, feasible, cost effective, acceptable and affordable screening test in identifying the pre-cancerous cervical cancer lesions.


Keywords


pre-cancerous cervical lesions, VIA method

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References


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