TO STUDY THE CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC SCHIZOPHRENIA WHO ARE RECEIVING TREATMENT AND NOT RECEIVING TREATMENT

Krishna Kumar Carpenter, Ujwal Sardesai, Ram Ghulam Razdan

Abstract


Objective: To assess the cardiovascular risk in chronic schizophrenia(duration >2 yrs) patients with and without treatment.

 Materials and Methods: 100 OPD patients (aged 20 or above,both male or female), who were diagnosed with chronic schizophrenia(duration >2yrs) with and without treatment according to the International Classification of Diseases  Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders Diagnostic criteria for research 10th revision. Those patients were evaluated for the coronary heart disease (CHD) risk as per Framingham (10 year all CHD events) function/risk equation.

Results: Intermediate cardiovascular risk was found in 2% without treatment patients and 5.73% in with treatment patients. Compared to females, males had higher Framingham score (4.08± 4.51 vs. 1.07± 0.26, likelihood ratio= 622.19, P value < 0.05 in with treatment patients and 1.63± 1.67 vs. 1.11± 0.48,likelihood ratio= 6.444, P value > 0.05 in without  treatment patients)

 Conclusion: Patients of schizophrenia have a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors. Hence, there is a need to screen the patient of schizophrenia for the cardiovascular risk and manage it as early as possible.

Keywords


Cardiovascular risk, mortality, schizophrenia

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References


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