Dr Adrija Pathak, Dr. Vinay Tiwary


Introduction: The prevalence of anaemia is disproportionately high in developing countries than developed countries. It has mainly been ascribed to poverty, inadequate diet, certain diseases, pregnancy and lactation, and poor access to health services in developing countries .Prevalence of anaemia in adolescents in India have been reported in limited studies available from 16.25% to 96.5%. Nutritional anaemia constitutes the most important cause of anaemia in adolescents. It is mainly due to deficiency of Iron, Vitamin B12 and Folate. Megaloblastic Anaemia is increasing  resulting from deficiency of folate and B12 appears to be increasing over the last two decades.

Methods: Study was designed as a cross sectional study . Sample size came out to be 194 which was round off to 200 . Subjects were selected based on the inclusion criteria set and evaluated with aid of laboratory investigation of blood samples collected from subjects. Information was analysed by using the Microsoft Excel and SPSS . Chi square test was used for analysis.

Results:  It was found out that Folate deficiency was the most common followed by Vitamin B12 deficiency & then irons deficiency. Also low intake of all the three nutrients is a significant determinant towards causing nutritional anaemia. Other factors found to influence the prevalence of anaemia were history of worm infestation, Low SES, calorie intake and folate intake.

Conclusion: In the formative period of life when the maximum amount of physical, psychological and behavioral changes takes place and this is a vulnerable period in the human life cycle for the development of nutritional anaemia, which has been constantly highlighted by public health programs .Studies are needed on this issue to highlight the importance.   


Nutritional Anemia , Adolescents , folate , Vit B12

Full Text:



Basu S, Basu S, Hazarika R, Parmar V. Prevalence of anemia among school going adolescents of Chandigarh. Indian Pediatr. 2005 Jun; 42 (6): 593-7.

Bulliyya G, Mallick G, Sethy GS, Kar SK. Hemoglobin status of non-school going adolescent girls in three districts of Orissa, India. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2007 Oct-Dec; 19 (4): 395-406: 22-6.

Patra S, Pemde HK, Singh V, Chandra J, Dutta A. Profile of adolescents with severe anemia admitted in a tertiary care hospital in northern India. Indian J Pediatr. 2011 Jul; 78 (7): 863-5.

WHO. Iron Deficiency Anaemia Assessment Prevention and Control: A Guide for Programme Managers. 2002;WHO/ NHD/ 01.3.Geneva: WHO

Sampathkumar V, Rajaratnam A. Prevalence of anaemia andhookworm infestation among adolescent girls in one rural block of TamilNadu Indian J Matern Child Health. 1997 Jul-Dec; 8 (3-4): 73-5.

Biradar S.S., Birafar S.P., Alatagi A.C., Wantamutte A.S., Malur P.R. Prevalence of Anaemia among Adolescent Girls: A One Year Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Clinical and diagnostic Research. 2012; 6 (3): 372-7.

Jayasree P, Sushamabai S, Abraham S, Mathew A, Kadam RM, Varghese BA. Epidemiological factors affecting anaemia prevalence in rural adolescents in South India. Pushpagiri Medical Journal. 2012; 3 (2): 99-102.

Sinha AK, Karki GMS, Karna KK. Prevalence of Anemia amongst Adolescents in Biratnagar, Morang Dist. Nepal. International Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biological Archives 2012; 3(5): 1077-1081. 2012; 3 (5): 1077-81.

Singh R. Socio-demographic factors causing anaemia in adolescent girls in meerut. Health and Population-perspectives and Issues. 2008; 31 (3): 198-203.

Kaur S, Deshmukh P, Garg B. Epidemiological Correlates of Nutritional Anemia in Adolescent Girls of Rural Wardha. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2006; 31 (4): 255.

Ray S. Determinants of nutritional anemia in children less than five years age. Thesis for MD Paediatrics, Delhi University, 2012.

Foo LH, Khor GL, Tee ES, Prabakaran D. Iron status and dietary iron intake of adolescents from a rural community in Sabah, Malaysia. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2004; 13 (1): 48-55.

Ahmed F, Khan MR, Banu CP, Qazi MR, Akhtaruzzaman M. The coexistence of other micronutrient deficiencies in anaemic adolescent schoolgirls in rural Bangladesh. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2008; 62 (3): 365-72.

Abdelrahim, II, Mahgoub HM, Mohamed AA, Ali NI, Elbashir MI, Adam I. Anaemia, folate, zinc and copper deficiencies among adolescent schoolgirls in eastern Sudan. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2009 Dec; 132 (1-3): 60-6.

Verma M, Chhatwal J, Kaur G. Prevalence of anemia among urban school children of Punjab. Indian Pediatr. 1998 Dec; 35 (12): 1181-6.

Chaudhary SM, Dhage VR. A study of anemia among adolescent females in the urban area of nagpur. Indian J Community Med. 2008 Oct; 33 (4): 243-5.

Rao V, Aggrawal M, Yadav R, Das S, Sahare L, Bondley M, et al. Intestinal parasitic infections, anaemia and undernutrition among tribal adolescents of madhya pradesh. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2003; 28 (1): 22-6.


  • There are currently no refbacks.